Presidential election 2019 in Ukraine. Monitoring of “Uspishna Varta”. April 8-14, 2019

Presidential election 2019 in Ukraine. Monitoring of “Uspishna Varta”. April 8-14, 2019

A repeat vote in the presidential election of Ukraine will be held on April 21st 2019. According to the data of sociological surveys, published on April 11th, among those who are going to take part in the election on April 21st, 61% of Ukrainians are ready to vote for the candidate Vladimir Zelensky in the second round of the election, and 24% are ready to vote for the current head of state, Petro Poroshenko.

MANAGEMENT OF THE ELECTORAL PROCESS

On the deadline prescribed by law (April 10th, 2019), the Central electoral Commission formed the composition of 199 of the district election commissions(DECS) for the organization and holding of the election. The candidate Petro Poroshenko submitted the maximum possible number of candidates (7 per commission, 1,393 people in total) to all 199 DECs. The candidate Vladimir Zelensky also almost completely used his quota, delegating 1,379 candidates to 197 DECs.

At the same time, in the process of forming precinct election commissions (PECs) in all regions, DEC members faced the problem of a shortage of members. The situation arose due to the fact that representatives of the presidential candidate Petro Poroshenko offered 2 people for the PEC instead of 6-8 (depending on the size of the stations). As a result, DECs are forced to independently search for people to form commissions. In a number of electoral districts, the shortage of commission members reached 1,000.

According to the observers of “Uspishna Varta”, as of Saturday, April 13th, in Zaporozhye in DEC No. 74, 314 PEC members were missing, in DEC No. 76 457 people were missing, and in DEC No. 77 344 people were missing. At DEC No. 62 in Zhytomyr the shortage of PEC members was 400 people. The situation with the shortage of PEC members was reported by observers in Lutsk and Lvov. A similar situation was noted in other regions of Ukraine.

According to the interlocutors of “Uspishna Varta”, the members of the PEC submitted by Poroshenko were not massively paid for their work in the first round. This concerns the so-called “unofficial” payments that were promised by the headquarters and are common practice for the Ukrainian elections. According to the data received from a source in the headquarters of Petro Poroshenko, in the second round the candidate is planning to pay 3000 hryvnia to the PEC heads, 2000 hryvnia to the secretary, and ordinary members of the commission are not supposed to receive payments. Accordingly, people do not have the motivation to work in commissions. More details about the situation can be read here.

VOTER REGISTRATION

According to the State Voter Register, as of April 14th 252,814 voters used the opportunity to temporarily change their place of voting during the second vote. Unlike the first round, before the second vote, the time period for changing the place of voting is significantly limited (from April 8th to April 15th). In the departments of the State Register there are massive queues of people who want to change their place of voting. In some districts of Kiev the queues consist of 500 people, people spend up to 9 hours waiting in them.

According to the assessment of the human rights activists of “Uspishna Varta”, to ensure the constitutional right of citizens to elect and be elected, the procedure for changing the place of voting should be significantly simplified, including by giving the possibility of submitting the necessary documents online. In addition, it is advisable to provide for the possibility of changing the place of voting for both rounds of Ukrainian presidential elections at the same time.

CONDITIONS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ELECTORAL CAMPAIGNING

Before the second vote on April 21st, presidential candidates do not carry out campaign trips to regions, limiting themselves to television broadcasts and correspondence discussions through video clips on social networks. A key topic for discussion was the debate between candidates, which, however, differ on the date that they were held.

The observers of “Uspishna Varta” recorded the distribution of propaganda products in all regions of Ukraine that discredit the presidential candidate Vladimir Zelensky. Such products were also distributed during the campaign of the candidate Petro Poroshenko at the Olympic Stadium in Kiev on April 14th. In addition, on the weekend of April 13th-14th in several cities of Ukraine (Kiev, Kharkov, Cherkassy) posters appeared with the inscription "End", made in the style of the billboards of Petro Poroshenko with the slogan "Think". The source information was not specified on the billboards.

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On April 9th the observers of “Uspishna Varta” submitted a request to the CEC to check the compliance of the electoral campaign of the presidential candidate Petro Poroshenko featuring the depiction of President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin with the requirements of the Law of Ukraine “On the Ukrainian Presidential Election”. In particular, in accordance with paragraph 1, part 1 of article 64 of the Law - participation in electoral campaigning is prohibited to persons who are not citizens of Ukraine. Also, lawyers say that according to Part 1 of Article 8 of the Law of Ukraine "On Advertising", it is prohibited to place an image of an individual in advertising or use their name without their written consent.

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"Uspishna Varta" also appealed to the State Bureau of Investigation with a statement about the commission of a criminal offense under Article 161 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine (“inciting ethnic hatred”) by the people's deputy Nina Yuzhanina in preliminary agreement with Oksana Zabuzhko, Ivan Malkovich, and other unidentified persons from the headquarters of the candidate for the post of President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko. We are talking about the distribution of campaign material in the form of the newspaper "April 21 VOTE", which was made at the order of the candidate Petro Poroshenko. According to the lawyers of “Uspishna Varta”, the newspaper contains statements that violate the principle of equality of man and citizen enshrined in the Constitution of Ukraine and, conversely, create a public danger, which intensifies the escalation of the conflict between various members of society.

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The police initiated a criminal case because of a video published on the Internet showing a truck knocking down the candidate for the presidency of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky. Criminal proceedings were opened under Part 1 of Article 346 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine ("Threat to, or actual use of, violence against a state or public figure"). The headquarters of the candidate Poroshenko denied any involvement in the creation of this video. At the same time, the journalists found out that the distribution of this video was started from Internet resources controlled by Poroshenko’s headquarters.

THE “WEB” AND VOTER BRIBERY

According to the results of the opinion poll conducted by the “Rating” group, it turned out that 17% of voters or their acquaintances faced bribery attempts in the first round of the Ukrainian presidential election. 8% faced bribery personally, and 9% heard about it from their relatives. Almost 40% of those surveyed by sociologists of the “Rating” group are expecting large-scale fraud in the second round of the presidential election.

On the eve of the second vote on April 21st there are numerous reports about planned voter bribery within the framework of the so-called "web" of the headquarters of Petro Poroshenko.

  • As was reported by local media, in Dnepr residents started to receive calls from campaigners who suggest to vote for the current president and candidate for the presidency of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko in exchange for a material reward of 2,000 hryvnia.
  • In Chernigov voter bribery took place in the reception office of a people's deputy (presumably the deputy head of the “Bloc of Petro Poroshenko” faction Sergey Berezenko). After receiving information aboutpossible voter bribery, the police squad came to the scene. It was previously established that senior citizens were given 1,000 hryvnia in exchange for a vote in support of the current president. Earlier, on March 13th, Sergey Berezenko was called in for questioning as a witness in criminal proceedings under Part 2 of Article 160 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine (“Bribing a voter or referendum participant”). On March 18th he did not appear for questioning by the National Police concerning this case. The Interior Ministry reported that they will summon the people's deputy for questioning again.
  • In the village of Olyka, in Volyn, the police seized 720,000 hryvnia destined for “activists” from the “web” of the candidate for the post of president of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko. According to journalists, the representative of the current president distributed the money to the campaigners directly in the building of the village council. Local journalists also filmed the participants of the “web” in the village of Lipno, in the Volyn region. It turned out that the director of the local cultural center is responsible for the functioning of the “web” in the village. “Web” functionaries were also found in the village of Znamirovka in the Volyn region. In the Kamen-Kashirsky district of the Volyn region, officials and educators are involved in the functioning of the “web” in the interests of Petro Poroshenko.

FALSIFICATION IN THE FIRST ROUND OF THE ELECTION (MARCH 31)

“Uspishna Varna” analysed the electoral constituencies where during the first round of the presidential election on March 31st there was an anomalous turnout and support for the current president P. Poroshenko (well above the regional average). It is precisely at such polling stations that the alleged fraud was carried out in order to ensure that the current president progresses to the second round of the election. We publish this information for all interested persons in district 46 and district 60 in the Donetsk region in order to prevent similar falsifications in the second round of the elections on April 21.

For example, in territorial constituency No. 46 in the Donetsk region (the center is the city of Bakhmut), at 78 out of 163 polling stations (47%) the turnout exceeded the average for the region. At 20% of districts (33 districts), the support for President Poroshenko exceeded the average for the region. At those stations where the turnout ranges from 35-59% (average for the region and below), the support for the president (except for a few stations) is also in the range of 2-6%. Thus, a number of front-line villages (Verkhnekamenskoye, Zaitsevo, Zvanovka, Kalinovka, Vozrozhdenie, Yagodnoye, Zelenopole, Pokrovskoye) stand out against the others since both their turnout and level of support for the current president are much higher than the average for the region. , in the villages of Vozrozhdenie and Mednaya Ruda (station 140063), turnout reached 86%, and the support for the current president — 32.8%. At the same time, in the town of Seversk located in the same district, the turnout figures correspond to the average for the region (46-55%), while support for Petro Poroshenko fluctuates at a level of 2-4.5%. Of the 37 sites located in the largest city of the district - Bakhmut (formerly Artemovsk), at 13 stations the support for the current president exceeds the average for the region (the so-called "anomalous stations").

As the human rights activists of “Uspishna Varta” found out, Petro Poroshenko’s “web” on the territory of district No. 46 and directly in the city of Bakhmut involved municipal and public organizations that are supervised by local authorities and the mayor Aleksey Reva (who has occupied this position for 25 years) - from city council officials to school principals, heads of housing offices, and community leaders of selected urban areas. More about the situation in District 46 can be read here.

According to the results of the statistical analysis carried out by the experts of “Uspishna Varta”, at constituency No. 60 (center - Volnovakha) it was found that at least 30 stations out of 131 were “anomalous” - the support for the current president exceeded the regional average (12.64%) and reached 55%. At the same time, voter turnout in such polling stations was almost 85%. At the disposal of the "Uspishna Varta" human rights platform there is data with the forenames and surnames of people in Donbass who illegally helped the president progress to the second round of the presidential election. More details can be read here.

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